Volume 6, Issue 2, December 2018, Page: 56-66
The Inspection and Appraisal of the Yonghemen Structure of the Qing Dynasty in Beijing
Tao Zhang, Department of Science and Technology Protection, Beijing Research Institute of Architectural Heritages, Beijing, China
Dejie Du, Institute of Building Structure, China Academy of Building Research, Beijing, China
Dongqing Li, Department of Science and Technology Protection, Beijing Research Institute of Architectural Heritages, Beijing, China
Fuquan Xu, Institute of Building Structure, China Academy of Building Research, Beijing, China
Yongping Chen, Research Institute of Wood Industry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, China
Received: Oct. 12, 2018;       Accepted: Nov. 2, 2018;       Published: Dec. 5, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ija.20180602.11      View  16      Downloads  11
Abstract
Beijing has concentrated many of the excellent wooden structures of ancient architecture, but some of the ancient buildings are inevitably damaged by natural and human factors because of the time passed by. Therefore, the regular inspection of the wood condition and the analysis of the safety performance of the wooden structure have become an indispensable work for the protection of ancient architecture. The Lama Temple is an outstanding example of the wooden structure of ancient architecture in Beijing. This research introduces the inspection and appraisal of the Yonghemen, which is one of the buildings in the Lama Temple, representing this kind of structures. First, surveying and mapping of the structure were completed, and detailed investigation and measurement of the stress and deformation states of the bearing member and the primary node were carried out to check structural safety. Meanwhile, several nondestructive inspection technologies were adopted during testing. For instance, radar was used to detect the foundation, Impulse tomography and resistograph were used to detect the wood quality, and also a pulsating method for identifying dynamic parameters of structure was adopted. Finally, the safety of building was appraised and rated in the end of the research based on the above detection results. Moreover, some suggestions for future monitor and protection were put forward.
Keywords
Yonghemen, Ancient Architecture, Wooden Structure, Nondestructive, Inspection, Appraisal
To cite this article
Tao Zhang, Dejie Du, Dongqing Li, Fuquan Xu, Yongping Chen, The Inspection and Appraisal of the Yonghemen Structure of the Qing Dynasty in Beijing, International Journal of Archaeology. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2018, pp. 56-66. doi: 10.11648/j.ija.20180602.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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