Volume 7, Issue 2, December 2019, Page: 24-29
Hunting Evidence from Eneolithic Site of Getahovit-2 Cave; Armenia
Zarikian Noushig, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, National Academy of Sciences of Armenia, Yerevan, Republic of Armenia
Kalantarian Iren, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, National Academy of Sciences of Armenia, Yerevan, Republic of Armenia
Received: Aug. 22, 2019;       Accepted: Sep. 6, 2019;       Published: Sep. 20, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ija.20190702.11      View  40      Downloads  19
Abstract
Wildlife in Armenia was always varied due to the different geographic landscapes and biotopes, between the valleys, mountains, forests, and plateaus of the country. A wide range of large mammals inhabited the Southern Caucasus. In Armenia, animal habitat varied through time, both during the Pleistocene and the Holocene and hunting activities were the focus of Paleolithic meat-based subsistence. In 2018, the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography NAS RA carried out the excavations, with the financial support of Ijevan Wine-Brandy Factory 2. Two Chalcolithic period layers were excavated mainly that presented the early phase and which were separated from the previous occupations of the same period by the thick layer of sterile and the muddy sediment full of small stones. During the Chalcolithic period, the groups practicing the transhumance, hunting and gathering seasonally had occupied the cave. Considerable numbers of osteological material imply the existence of hunting and gathering activity around the cave. The present study examines the wild animal remains in addition; backed points, blades and some fragments also exhibit evidence for hunting activities. Those that could be identified to species appear to be Sus scrofa, Vulpes vulpes and mainly Capreolus capreolus. The fracture analysis confirms that the occupation of this small cave was closely related mainly to the hunting activity.
Keywords
Archaeozoology, Armenia, Eneolithic Age, Getahovit-2 Cave, Hunting
To cite this article
Zarikian Noushig, Kalantarian Iren, Hunting Evidence from Eneolithic Site of Getahovit-2 Cave; Armenia, International Journal of Archaeology. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 24-29. doi: 10.11648/j.ija.20190702.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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